Whistleblowing directive

The European Union Whistleblower Directive

What is the European Union Whistleblower Directive?

In 2019, the European Union (EU) passed a groundbreaking Whistleblower Directive (2019/1937) to enact greater protections for whistleblowers by shielding them from retaliation and creating “safe channels” to report violations of the law. All 27 European Union (EU) member countries must transpose the directive into their national law by December 2021.

Who is affected by the directive

Companies with more than 50 employees, public sector institutions, authorities as well as municipalities

10,000 or more inhabitants are obliged to set up suitable internal reporting channels

Companies with 250 or more employees will be are expected to comply within two years of adoption

Companies with employees between 50 and 250 have another two years after transposition to comply

Whistleblowers should be able to submit reports either in writing via an online system, a mailbox or by post and/or orally via a telephone hotline or answering machine system. Not only are employees who report wrongdoing are protected, but also job applicants, former employees, supporters of the whistleblower or journalists.

However, the EU encourages national legislators to extend this scope also in into their respective national laws

EU Whistleblowing Monitor

Status of

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Total Country Entries
Law adopted